In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

Reproductive Medicine

Treatment Summary

In vitro fertilization (IVF) refers to a variety of fertility treatments whereby an egg is fertilized by sperm outside of the body, or in other words, \\\\\\\"in vitro\\\\\\\". The zygote (fertilized egg) is then cultured in a laboratory for around 2 - 6 days, before being moved to the prospective mother’s uterus with the aim of initiating pregnancy. IVF is most commonly used to aid pregnancy when natural conception is no longer possible There are a number of stages to the IVF method, each with the aim of increasing the likelihood of a successful pregnancy and subsequent birth. The exact procedure and treatments needed will vary on a case by case basis, depending upon the circumstances of the patients. In some instances, ovarian hyperstimulation will be used, whereby numerous ovarian follicles are generated using fertility medication such as injectable gonadotropins. In most cases of ovarian hyperstimulation treatments, about 10 days of injections will be needed. Ovarian hyperstimulation can potentially have side effects, which will be explained by the physician in charge. Natural cycle in vitro fertilization refers to IVF carried out with no ovarian hyperstimulation, and mild IVF refers to a procedure using smaller doses of the stimulating drugs It is difficult to give an exact success rate for IVF, as it depends on numerous factors including the age of the patient and the underlying fertility issues. A recent report found that pregnancy was achieved on average in just below 30% of all IVF cycles, with live births in slightly less than 25% of all cycles. However this figure varies substantially - a woman under 35 years old who has IVF has about a 40% chance of having a baby, whereas a woman over 40 has an 11.5% chance. Success rates across all age groups are continuously rising though, as new technologies and techniques are developed

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Multi Speciality

PRS Hospital

Trivandrum, KERALA, India

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