A hip replacement is a surgical procedure to replace the surfaces of the hip joint with a prosthetic implant. Hip replacement surgery is a common surgery for patients who are suffering from osteoarthritis, a condition that causes pain and swelling in the joints and reduces joint mobility.
Undergoing hip replacement surgery can relieve pain, improve the function of the joints and can improve walking for patients who have pain and difficulty with such movement. With a total hip replacement surgery, metal, plastic or ceramic materials are used to replace the ball and socket joints. The damaged cartilage is then removed and replaced with new material to support the joints.
The joints can then be attached by either cementing the joint to the bone or by using a coating to attach the bone and joints, which will allow the bone to grow and form an attachment to the joint. When getting hip replacement surgery, patients should discuss the model of the prosthetic hip that will be used. Prosthetic hips have improved a lot in recent years, and it makes sense for surgeons to use a very modern device
If you are suffering from severe pain, decreased range of motion or deformity at the hip joint and other medical and conservative treatments like physiotherapy have failed, you need a replacement of the hip joint. If you have had hip injury, bone tumour or bone loss due to avascular necrosis (insufficient blood supply) or are suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, your surgeon may advise you the replacement of the hip joint
The procedure is done under general anaesthesia. An incision is made on the lateral side of the hip. The upper round part of the thigh bone (head of the femur) is removed and replaced with implant. It is then stabilized into place by cementing or other methods. The part of the hip joint receiving the ball component called as socket or acetabulum is smoothened and prepared, and the implant is then placed to position and stabilized. The ball and socket components are then joined. The surgery lasts for 2 to 4 hours depending on the severity of the disease.
Hip replacement has a success rate of more than 90%. The patient is relieved of the pain and feels the increase in the range of motion. With time, the patient may be able to swim, play golf, walk or ride a bike comfortably.
You will stay at the hospital for about 4-5 days following hip replacement in India. You would feel pain and discomfort for 3-4 days which would be controlled with medications. You will be asked to breathe deeply and cough frequently to avoid lung congestion and prevent clot formation.
You would be advised to walk the same or the next day after the surgery with the help of a walker. Rehabilitation by physiotherapy will also begin immediately to strengthen your hip joint muscles and to restore movement for walking and other normal daily activities.
You would need to stay at the hospital for 4-5 days and another week in town if you undergo one hip replacement in India. If you need both hips replaced (bilateral hip replacement), a stay of around three is required. The surgeon may choose to operate both the joints at the same time or one after the other at a gap of a week depending upon your medical condition.